Saga Dawa Festival
The Saga Dawa Festival is also known as the Buddha Auspicious Day. The Tibetan calendar will be held on April 15. It is a traditional festival of Tibetan Buddhism. The Tibetan language is called Sagadawa Festival. Believers in southern Buddhist countries are also called: Vesak Day, which means full moon.
Saga Dawa Festival Introduction
The Saga Dawa Festival is also known as the Auspicious Day of the Buddha (April 13th to April 15th in the lunar calendar). April 15th is a traditional festival of Tibetan Buddhism. The Tibetan language is called the Sagadawa Festival. Believers in southern Buddhist countries are also called: Vesak Day, which means full moon. For Buddhist followers, it is an extraordinary and sacred day. It is associated with three important events in the Buddha’s life, namely: birth, enlightenment, and nirvana. It is an auspicious day celebrated in three phases. In May 1990, the Chinese Buddhist Association advocated the ceremony with President Zhao Puchu, and various Buddhist temples in the Han Dynasty also set the 15th day of the lunar calendar as the Buddha Memorial Day, which is called the Buddha Auspicious Day. In this way, all Buddhist monasteries in the country will hold celebrations and rituals on this day. In doing so, it can reflect the solemnity and consistency of the Dharma, and it is also conducive to enhancing friendship and unity among Buddhist believers of all ethnic groups in various places.
Origin of the Tibetan Saga Dawa Holiday
On April 15th, the Tibetan calendar is a specific festival in Tibet, the Sagadawa Festival, which means
Lu Suyue (Lu Su is one of the 28 Tibetan astrology stars) is the birth, enlightenment and death of Shakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism. As a result, a variety of events will be commemorated this month; over time, these events turned into a large-scale mountain turn.
Saga Dawa Festival Customs
The so-called turning is a form of Tibetan Buddhism that walks and prays according to the agreed circular circuit.There are three transit lines in Lhasa. One is the capsule, which surrounds the main hall Juekang in the Jokhang Temple for one week. It is full of Falun and is about 500 meters long. It is the inner ring line. The second is Bajiao Street, which surrounds the Jokhang Temple for a week. It has a total length of about 1,000 meters and is the Central Ring Road. The Tibetan language “Balko” means “Central”. The third is Linkuo Road, which runs around the old city of Lhasa for a week. About 5,000 meters is the outer ring line. The Tibetan word “forest profile” means outer ring. The flow of people passing through Nangkor and Bajiao Street is continuous every day, while Linkang Road is a route for people to pass on important days.
At the Sagadawa Festival, the forest turning is the most spectacular. From the first day of Sagadawa, crowds of transit people appeared on the forest road. On the fifteenth day of the Tibetan calendar, the repetition reached its peak. From 2 am until night, the flow of people was like a tide, and the flow continued. On this day, Tibetan men, women, and children dressed in festive costumes turned to worship the Buddha. April is the month of the Tibetan calendar, and the Tibetan language is called “Sagadawa.” In this month, the Tibetan people in various places have to pray to the Buddhist scriptures, hold their heads long, prohibit the slaughter of livestock, and accumulate merits. Due to the different calendars used by different denominations, the specific dates vary, and most denominations stipulate the annual Tibetan calendar. April 15th is the Buddha ’s Birthday, but because the Han nationality is used in the Anmudu area, the Tibetan people in the Anmudu area use April 8th each year as the Buddha ’s Birthday.
The Sagadawa Festival is a traditional festival of the Tibetan people in Lhasa. The Tibetan calendar is held on April 15th every year at the Dragon King Pool behind the majestic Potala Palace. After a long period of development, the Sagadawa Festival has gradually evolved into a mass festival for Tibetan people to visit the garden in spring and summer and to wish a bumper harvest in agriculture and animal husbandry. On this day of the year, Tibetan people in Lhasa will gather in groups to visit Longwangtan (Zongjiao Lukang) to pass a forest card or entertain.
The most spectacular Sagadawa Festival is the one-kilometer stretch of Deji South Road that gathers beggars from all over Tibet to beg. On the same day, Busch became a traditional custom of the Tibetan people in Lhasa. In recent years, it has even become a highlight of tourism. It is recommended that when mainland tourists participate in giving, please provide enough change, and you must respect the subject when taking photos. For Tibetans, the Sagadawa Festival has traditionally followed the tradition of the rich helping the poor. It is said that the Sagadawa Festival will last a whole month. During this period, Tibetan people who believe in Tibetan Buddhism will commemorate the Buddha Shakyamuni in their minds by turning the scriptures, burning incense, eating fasting meals, and releasing them. . It is also a good thing to release a religion in a lucky day. So on the Lhasa River, people assembled a spectacular release team.
Tibetan Festival Taboo
- The biggest taboo of the Tibetans is to kill. Although they eat beef and mutton, they do not kill them by themselves. Tibetans are absolutely forbidden to eat donkey, horse and dog meat, and some areas do not eat fish.
- When drinking butter tea, the owner pours the tea. The guest can only take it over when the host holds his hands in front of him.
- Avoid spitting in the back of others and clap your palms.
- The warp tube and warp wheel must not be reversed.
- taboo others touch their heads with their hands.
- When entering the temple, taboo smoking, touching Buddha statues, turning scriptures, and ringing drums. Lama’s amulets, rosary and other religious utensils should not be touched.
Note: The taboos of the Sagadawa Festival are actually the usual taboos of the Tibetan people.