Pilgrims around Tibetan King Tombs

Tibet King Tombs

Tibetan Kings’ Tombs: The Tibetan history books 《The Sage’s Banquet》, 《Tibet of the King of Tibet》and other records, during the Tibetan Dynasty, there were 35 generations of Zambo tombs, namely the Tombs of the Second Tomb, the Tombs of the Six Senses, the Tombs of the Middle Eight, and the Second Five. Zanling, auspicious Zudailing, auspicious Wudeling tomb, and a tomb on the bottom. These tombs are commonly known as the tomb of the Tibetan emperor.

Tibetan King Tombs- Tibetan Guide
Graveyard of Tibetan Kings -Tibet Travel Guide

The largest group of tombs in existence is located on the south bank of the Yarlung Zangbo River, southwest of Zongshan, on the banks of the Yalong River, and above Muya Mountain in Qiongjie County. The ground is wide, the climate is pleasant, the land is fertile, and the mountains and rivers are beautiful. Long ago it was the birthplace of the ancient Tibetans, and it was also the hometown of Zampsongzhanbambo. After the Lhasa, the capital of the Tubo dynasty, this place has become the base for the founding of the Tubo dynasty, which has received great attention. Songtsan Gampo chose the site of his tomb, and many Tibetan Zamps were buried there. 

Travel to Tibetan Kings Tombs

The number of Zao’s tombs varies. Several tombs on the hillside have been mixed with hills. In Muya Mountain, after a faint estimation, there are nine tombs that can be identified so far, covering an area of ​​3 square kilometers. The shape of each mausoleum is a square flat-topped rock rammed earth mound, which preserves the “square” form of early soil closure in the Central Plains and the “square of its tomb, which is made of stone,” If Flathead House “is the same. The shape of the nine existing mausoleums is roughly the same. Due to long-term erosion by wind and rain, some tombs have become circular flat-topped, with different sizes and irregular arrangements.

The Tibetan history book records: “The king died, Zanpu’s horse, armor, and rare play were all entered into the tomb”; “Nine grids in the tomb, Zanpu’s body was placed in the center and painted with gold”; “There are five sutra halls in the tomb, Hide all kinds of treasures “and so on. Tang Dynasty official Liu Yuanding wrote: After the death of Tubo Zanpu, he not only buried the funeral, but also buried the living person. The method was to pierce the left and right ribs of the funeral with two sharpened wooden sticks to bleed the blood and die. Then burial.

Among the nine recognizable tombs of the King of Zao, according to the literature and epitaph records, the only tomb owners that can be identified to this day are the tombs of well-known Zamps, such as Langzhongzan, Gongzhongzan, Chisong dezan, Songzanganbu. The structure of each mausoleum high platform is roughly the same. They are all rammed with earth and stone. The thickness of the rammed earth layer is between 10 cm and 20 cm, some are thin slabs, and some are exposed with wooden bones. According to historical records, a large number of cultural relics and gold and silver jewelry are buried in each tomb of the King of Zao. Most of these Zao Mausoleums have not been dug.

Tibetan King Songtsan Gambo’s Tomb

Tibetan Kings Tombs

According to the epitaph, the Songzan Gambo cloth cemetery is located at Qinpu Gully Pass, which is now Dafangqiu above Pingchuan in Qiongjie County and Chongkou. The epitaph records that it is square in shape, consistent with the status quo. The epitaph states that it is divided into nine compartments. The main room is the Buddha Hall. There is a long coral chandelier in the center. The four corners of the hall store treasures. The tomb wall is made of calcite, and a thick earth wall is built outside. The tomb door faces west. The tomb is covered with gravel to form a mound. Each side is a hundred steps wide and more than six feet high. The description of the epitaph is similar to the status quo. It is said that there is a large underground palace under the mausoleum, which contains statues of Songtsan Gambo, Shakyamuni, and Guanyin Bodhisattva, as well as a large number of daily utensils inlaid with gold, silver, jewelry, agate, and armor and weapons used in the year.
In the middle of the top of Songzan Gambombing, there was originally a ceremonial temple with more than 20 bright buildings, and a small hall in each of the northeast and southeast. Inside the ancestral shrine are statues of Songtsan Gambo, Princess Wencheng, Princess Zhuzun, Minister Lu Dongzan, and Tibetan creator Thumi Sambuza. The original building has been destroyed. The shrine and its statues have been restored in recent years.

Tibetan King Chisong (Tsesong) Dezan’s Tomb

Chisong Dezan is a Zamp in the late Tubo dynasty. He reigned from 793 to 815 and was buried in the tomb of Zao in Qiongjie County after his death. According to the excavation and excavation of the tombstone by the Tibet Cultural Relics Administration Committee in September 1984, it was confirmed that the tomb is the Tomb of Songdezan. The Tibetan inscription on the tombstone said that Chide Songzan “is far-sighted and has strict orders. The country is magnificent, full of ford, and prosperous in the past.”

Travel to Tibetan Kings Tombs

This monument is the most intact in the Tibetan inscriptions of the Tubo period in Tibet. Its artistic value is more prominent than the Tangfan League monument in front of the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa. The monument is 7.18 meters high and consists of three parts: the cover, the body and the base. The top of the stele is a huge orb of the rosette. The plane of the stele cover is rectangular, with a four-note slope top, the edges are slightly upturned, and there are rising clouds around the four patterns. The four corners of the bottom of the stele cover are embossed with four flying sky, and the upper body is naked. The belt fluttered. The monument is 5.6 meters tall, rectangular in plane, and the upper part is smaller and the upper part is smaller. The upper part of the monument is engraved with the image of the sun and the moon. Below it is a row of 59 rows of ancient Tibetan. The two sides of the monument are embossed with two dragons. Underneath the monument is a carved stone turtle with beautiful carvings. Today the monument has been protected by a new monument.

Not far from the monument, there is a stone monument similar to the Tomb of Zed Songzan. The top of the monument is engraved with heavy beads, and there are pillars under the cover, also carved with flowing clouds, flying sky, and cloud dragon patterns. The body of the monument is 3.56 meters above the ground. According to legend, this is also the tombstone of Chide Songzan.

Tibet King Tombs’ location Map

Tibetan Kings Tombs Travel Guidelines 

  • Low Season price: November 1 till April 30, ticket price is CNY60
  • High Season price: May-October.31, ticket price CNY60;
  • A licensed tour guide is a must, otherwise you may not be able to enter;
  • Private or shared tour vehicle can take you there;
  • Don’t wear revealing clothes, hats or caps, sunglasses, or masks when visiting the site;
  • Follow your Tibetan guide’s instruction and the photograph policy inside.
  • Please take passports, permits (but no water, lighters, sprays, cigarettes, scissors, knives, etc, security checking is similar as at airport, or the statute of liberty, empire tower, cruises ships, etc).

Recommended Tibet Tour Programs by Tibet Local Guide

Here let Tibetan guide recommend you some Tibet tours. They are the 3 nights 4 days Lhasa tour, 6-7 days Lhasa Lake Yamdrok Gyantse Shigatse tour, 8-9 days Lhasa Everest Base camp/Nepal, and the 15-20 days Kailash Manasarovar Tours.

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